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President is a governing body of a country that is responsible for all the acts happening in that country. In most parts of the world president is selected by a voting procedure known as elections. President and Prime Minister, both are a part of democratic government. President can have a background of a different political party working for the betterment of the nation. All the authority is in the hand of the president either he wants to accept or reject any law, policy or act in his regime. Also he can make amendments in the old constitution of his country. There is a limit of a president’ regime (mostly 4 years) after which new elections are structured for a new president.
Iran being a nuclear power had faced an era of downfall in the past years. The rule of Muhammad Raza Shah before 1979 was the restrict the people of Iran under an authoritative system. There was no concept of Islamizationbut only religious violence all over Iran. Shah tried his best to diminish all the traditions and customs of Iran by initiating ‘White Revolution’, a move towards westernization. Finally, this oppressive era came to an end when ‘AyatullahKhumeini’ came up with an idea of Islamic revolution in Iran. The main idea of this revolution was to keep the Iranian people away from the western customs and revive the Islamic code and conduct based on Quran and Sunnah. ‘Khumeini’ succeeded in his mission by making Iran as the first Islamic Republic.
Iran’s seventh president Hassan Feridon also known as Hassan Rouhani started his life carrier as a cleric and a lawyer. His political carrier was started in 1979 just after the Iranian revolution when he was elected in the legislative assembly of Iran. March 2013 is the month in which Rouhani decided to step up and participate in the presidential elections. His initiative was liked by the people and he won the elections with majority of votes by his side. The major issue that was faced by President Rouhani just after the oath was the sanctions on the Iran’s nuclear program. For this purpose he made several dialogues with P5+1 to solve the issue of nuclear activities in Iran. After solving this issue, automatically theIran’s economy and it’s GDP rose.
The 2nd rule of President Hassan Rouhani started in 2017 just after his previous one. People loved the initiatives taken by him in his previous regime and trusted him again. He defeated Ebrahim Raisi in the 2017 presidential elections, this time by 57% majority votes more than the previous. Majority of Iranian younger generation was involved in Rouhani’s win because of good economic conditions that they experienced. But once again in 2018, the US president Donald Trump forced sanctions on Iran’s nuclear activity by disobeying the agreement done before. This was the reason that rose a battle between Iran and United States in terms of trade and international linkages.
During Hassan Rouhani’s regime as a president the relation between Iran-Pakistan had grown up. Imran khan as the head of the Pakistani state visits Iran and President Rouhani assure him with all the good policies including foreign, economical and trade. Beside this Iran’s president backed Pakistan in every difficult situation and made him sure that if they want any kind of military help Iran is there to step up.
Talking about India-Iran relationship after the incident of Kashmir and Pulwama Iran has stopped all the trades with India to support Pakistan not only by words but actions also. United States as an enemy of Iran from many past years either it’s the issue of sanctions or any Muslim ban problem. Still there relations are going towards bad conditions. Supporting countries are there to stand with their partners in this condition but there are countries which remains silent throughout the issues just because of hiding their stance about the current issue so they can have good relations with both the countries.
Significance of Iran in Muslim World:
The land of Iran has a historic religious significance for Muslims. The same land was the home of ‘Ahle Bait’ (Respected Personalities in Islam) and now their shines and museums are situated in different cities of Iran. Cities like Mashhad, Qom, Najaf, and Tehran are the places of ‘Ziyaarat’ where Muslims from all around the world came to visit here. According to survey there are 48983 mosques situated in Islamic Republic of Iran. In the era of President Hassan Rouhani, these respected shrines and mosques were refurnished.
The Islamic Republic of Iran selects the president after every four years by voting. The elections structure was managed by Iran’s supreme leader, Ayataullah Ali Khamenei’. It is an essential rule that the nominated president must be Muslim that is he, must have a strong faith on Allah and his Messenger (S.A.W). He must be honest, devoted and have a nationality of his motherland. One of the most influential presidents that are passed are from Iran side. Abol Hassan Banisadr, Muhammad Khatami, Ali Khamenei and Mahmoud Ahnedinejad are some important presidents that made Iran on competitive level.